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Earth Observation Big Data Challenges: the AI change of paradigm


Invitation to the next AI4EU web café session!

The Speaker is Mihai Datcu (DLR, Germany) 
The title of his live presentation is 

Earth Observation Big Data Challenges:

the AI change of paradigm


The volume and variety of valuable Earth Observation (EO) images as well as non-EO related data is rapidly growing. The deluge of EO images of Terabytes per day needs to be converted into meaningful information, largely impacting the socio-economic-environmental triangle.  An important particularity of EO images should be considered, is their  “instrument” nature, i.e. in addition to the spatial information, they are sensing physical parameters, and they are mainly sensing outside of the visual spectrum.


Machine and deep learning methods are mainly used for image classification or objects segmentation, EO require hybrid AI methods encompassing from mathematical models for the satellite orbit, the physics of electromagnetic propagation and scattering, signal processing, machine learning, or knowledge representation. The new specific AI methods for EO are designed to leverage advances in physical parameters extraction.



Mihai Datcu received the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Electronics and Telecommunications from the University Politechnica Bucharest UPB, Romania, in 1978 and 1986. In 1999 he received the title Habilitation à diriger des recherches in Computer Science from University Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France. Currently he is Senior Scientist and Data Intelligence and Knowledge Discovery research group leader with the Remote Sensing Technology Institute (IMF) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR), Oberpfaffenhofen, and Professor with the Department of Applied Electronics and Information Engineering, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology, UPB. From 1992 to 2002 he had a longer Invited Professor assignment with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich. From 2005 to 2013 he has been Professor holder of the DLR-CNES Chair at ParisTech, Paris Institute of Technology, Telecom Paris. His interests are in Data Science, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence, and Computational Imaging for space applications. He is involved in Big Data from Space European, ESA, NASA and national research programs and projects. He is a member of the ESA Big Data from Space Working Group. He received in 2006 the Best Paper Award, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Society Prize, in 2008 the National Order of Merit with the rank of Knight, for outstanding international research results, awarded by the President of Romania, and in 1987 the Romanian Academy Prize Traian Vuia for the development of SAADI image analysis system and activity in image processing. He is IEEE Fellow. He is holder of a 2017 Blaise Pascal Chair at CEDRIC, CNAM.

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