Towards Responsible Quantum Technology

Dear all, delighted to share our latest research with the European AI Alliance: "Towards Responsible Quantum Technology". This manuscript is the result of a deeply interdisciplinary, transatlantic collaboration between scholars in law, data science, theoretical physics, philosophy & ethics, social sciences, material science & engineering, and innovation policy, affiliated with the Universities of Stanford, Cambridge, Harvard, Oxford, Munchen, Amsterdam, Maastricht, Copenhagen, and Waterloo. As our RQT framework applies to quantum-AI hybrids as well, it has direct relevance to the European Commission's AI Alliance mission.

@Harvard Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society Research Publication Series #2023-1, Harvard University 2023,

@Stanford Law School:


Please find a short abstract below:

Quantum Technology, Quantum-ELSPI and RRI

The expected societal impact of quantum technologies (QT) urges us to proceed and innovate responsibly. This article proposes a conceptual framework for Responsible QT that seeks to integrate considerations about ethical, legal, social, and policy implications (ELSPI) into quantum R&D, while responding to the Responsible Research and Innovation dimensions of anticipation, inclusion, reflection and responsiveness.

Safeguarding, Engaging and Advancing Quantum R&D (SEA)

After examining what makes QT unique, we argue that quantum innovation should be guided by a methodological framework for Responsible QT, aimed at jointly safeguarding against risks by proactively addressing them, engaging stakeholders in the innovation process, and continue advancing QT (‘SEA’). We further suggest operationalizing the SEA-framework by establishing quantum-specific guiding principles. The impact of quantum computing on information security is used as a case study to illustrate (1) the need for a framework that guides Responsible QT, and (2) the usefulness of the SEA-framework for QT generally.

Regulating Quantum Technology

Additionally, we examine how our proposed SEA-framework for responsible innovation can inform the emergent regulatory landscape affecting QT, and provide an outlook of how regulatory interventions for QT as base-layer technology could be designed, contextualized, and tailored to their exceptional nature in order to reduce the risk of unintended counterproductive effects of policy interventions.

Towards a Responsible, Values-based Quantum Ecosystem

Laying the groundwork for a responsible quantum ecosystem, the research community and other stakeholders are called upon to further develop the recommended guiding principles, and discuss their operationalization into best practices and real-world applications. Our proposed framework should be considered a starting point for these much needed, highly interdisciplinary efforts.

cover Kop et al_Towards Responsible Quantum Technology
Responsible Quantum Technology RRI Quantum-ELSPI SEA-Framework for Responsible Quantum Innovation Safeguarding Engaging Advancing Regulating Quantum Technology governance Law Ethics Socio-Economics policy principles Standards Norms values RQT